Thus, there are three main actors in the system: the voter, the election committee and the observer, with an established order of interactions between them. A fourth actor can also be identified – these are the authorities in charge of registration of Russian citizens at the place of residence (primarily the law enforcement and other executive bodies), since active suffrage is connected to citizenship and the citizens’ registration is at their places of residence. All these actors interact with each other.
The remote e-voting system was developed by PAO Rostelecom and Waves Enterprise by order of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation. Waves Enterprise supplied the blockchain platform and the cryptographic protocol with which to provide the required set of functions, properties and characteristics of the remote e-voting system.